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Top 8 Anxiety Disorders & Their Harmful Effects

Anxiety Disorder | 7 Different Types Of Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety and stress are normal biological reactions.

Most of us, at some point in life, experience intense levels of anxiety and stress.

However, if these levels become persistent, excessive, and repetitive, an individual has developed an anxiety disorder.

Having said that, there are myriads of anxiety disorders out there.

In this blog, we will enlighten you about the top 7 types of anxiety disorders that people often suffer.

Without any further ado, let’s jump right into them!

1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

As the term suggests, generalized anxiety disorder is associated with people stressing and worrying about general things in their lives.

People with this order are generally pessimistic and anticipate only chaos ahead. They are overly concerned about money, health, family, work, or other issues – stopping them from functioning to their fullest potential and leading jubilant lives.

As a result of GAD, excessive worry often translates into rumination or spending time in isolation overthinking or mulling over negative things that may happen in the future and how to deal with them differently.

2. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

The obsessive-compulsive disorder happens when an individual gets stuck in a vicious cycle of obsession and compulsion.

What percentage of the population has OCD UK?

According to statistics, 1.2% of the people in the United Kingdom are suffering from OCD, and this percentage only represents people on record. There are several people in the UK and other countries that are suffering from OCD without realizing it.

While obsession refers to the unwanted thoughts that are hard to avoid, compulsion refers to the repetitive behaviors where a person repeats an action such as hand washing, counting, checking, or cleaning repeatedly.

Doing these actions repeatedly provides temporary relief. However, not doing them shoots anxiety levels.

One common symptom of OCD is when an individual over worries about cleanliness and hygiene more than required. People with OCD want things in place and perfectly organized the entire time.

They also face difficulty managing and interacting over controversial topics like sex, religion, politics, and violence.

Some people affected by OCD build intense superstitions surrounding particular numbers – both lucky and unlucky. They also associate good and bad omens with specific numbers and colors.

Some even get bothered with numbers being in decimal form. They keep on rounding them off all the time.

3. Panic disorder

Panic disorder is characterized by unexpected frights that overwhelm an individual with racing, negative thoughts.

When someone has a panic attack, they experience a sudden unreasoning and overpowering fright and anticipate the worst things that could happen at that moment. As a result, they lose the ability to think logically and react to the situation frantically and irrationally.

Panic attacks can’t be anticipated as they can be triggered by literally anything. However, you can suspect someone has a panic attack by noticing the following physical symptoms:

  • Dizziness
  • Racing heartbeat
  • Sweaty Palms
  • Faintness
  • Stomach flu or nausea
  • Shaking or trembling

Symptoms may also include feeling disconnected from reality or experiencing a sense of impending doom.

While the duration of panic attacks is subjective, they usually last less than 20 minutes.

4. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder is when people stress over a terrifying, traumatic, or tragic incident they experienced in their past.

The symptoms of PTSD can start showing up right after the incident or after a few days or months. However, in some cases, the symptoms don’t appear for even several years.

People who have PTSD often experience the following symptoms:

  • Flashbacks (primarily negative and nerve-wracking)
  • Bad dreams
  • Frightening thoughts
  • Feelings of tension and anxiety
  • Irregular sleeping pattern or even insomnia.
  • Anger or irritation for no apparent reason
  • Frustration with others multiple times a day

5. Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)

Social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia and short for SAD, is a mental health condition that makes people uncomfortable and uneasy in social settings.

They feel incredibly uneasy in a large group and mostly avoid being in social gatherings.

People going through social anxiety develop an intense fear of getting criticized, judged, or humiliated in front of several people.

It even becomes difficult for them to run daily errands at work or at home, which causes disruptions and stops them from leading a smooth, positive life.

6. Phobias

Phobia is an extreme fear of a place, situation, or object. This fear is so intense and overwhelming that an individual may go to great lengths to avoid the reason causing or leading to that fear.

Some of the most common phobias include the following.

  • Acrophobia (Fear Of Heights)
  • Gerascophobia (Fear Of Aging or Growing)
  • Claustrophobia (Fear Of Tight Spaces)
  • Aerophobia (Fear Of Flying)
  • Hemophobia (Fear Of Blood)
  • Trypanophobia (Fear Of Needles)
  • Aquaphobia (Fear Of Water)

7. Separation Anxiety Disorder

Separation anxiety disorder, short for SAD, mainly occurs amongst children.

A child suffering from this disorder constantly fears getting apart or losing their family members, friends or acquaintances. 

The child is pessimistic and constantly worries that something terrible may happen to their family member or themselves if they are apart.

People suffering from SAD worry significantly about being apart from family members or other close people. The child fears being lost from their family or something wrong occurring to a family member if they are not with the person.

Even though this disorder is common amongst children, it isn’t just confined to them. Even adults can have this disorder and worry about something tragic or negative happening to their family members or loved ones.


That’s about it on the most common types of anxiety disorders. Experiencing general anxiety once in a blue moon is normal and acceptable.

However, if your anxiety is overwhelming and disrupting your day-to-day tasks, you shouldn’t ignore it and consult a physician, or it will worsen with time.

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